Bipolar I disorder is commonly known as Manic-Depression or manic-depressive disorder. In order to be considered a candidate for the diagnosis of Bipolar I, one must have experienced a manic episode just once in their lifetime. Mania is characterized by high frequency behavior, meaning a unusually heightened mood, high energy, behavior that is out of the norm. For example, someone might go an a very expensive shopping spree without any ability to control themselves, or act in a way that is completely unlike them. Manic behaviors are not just out of the ordinary, but are disruptive. They are so different from normal that they cause problems.
One of the biggest problems with a manic episode is that it has to come to an end. Mania usually climaxes and then ends with transition into a period of depression. Surging from extreme highs to extreme lows without much control is the main symptoms of Bipolar I.
Similar to Bipolar I, those with Bipolar II experience symptoms of mania and depression as well as switching between the two. However, with Bipolar II, the mania is not as manic and the depression is not as depressed. Though emotional states fluctuate, they do not reach the extremes that they do in Bipolar I.
More often than mania, referred to as hypomania in Bipolar II, people experience depression. Bipolar II is characterized by long periods of depression followed by short episodes of hypomania.
Other Types of Bipolar
There are other types of Bipolar disorder which are lesser known. Rapid Cycling refers to someone who experiences four or more manic or depressive episodes in a year. Mixed Bipolar is when one experiences frequent episodes of mania and depression, sometime simultaneously. Lastly, cyclothymic disorder is a mild form of bipolar disorder where mood fluctuations are experienced in a very moderate form.
Treating Bipolar Disorder
Without a proper diagnosis, unmanaged bipolar disorder can lead to risk and substance abuse. Yearning to cope with unrelenting emotions, one can find solace in the euphoric sensations produced by substance abuse. Once bipolar has been assessed, treatment can include pharmaceutical support, therapy, and treatment methods like CBT to help with mood management.
Harmony Place offers treatment for substance abuse and co-occurring disorders, such as Bipolar. Providing quality care in a compassionate and warm home setting, Harmony Place goes beyond exception when it comes to treatment. For more information on our programs available to men and women call 1-855-627-1417.